Photography Functions and Basic Rules

Let’s admit it – quarantine is really boring! Most likely, you’ve turned to something to keep you busy – whether it’s playing video games, reading books, or drawing. Personally, I’ve become much more interested in photography, especially portrait photography. Lots of people want to enjoy taking pictures, but maybe you don’t know where to start? Don’t worry, I got you!

Basic Camera Functions

Exposure controls how much light enters the lens. If you have a very high exposure, it can make some details in your picture hard to see because of how bright it is. Now here’s where it gets a little confusing: ISO is very similar to aperture in that the more you have, the brighter the photograph. However, with a ton of ISO, your image gets grainy, so you want to have a low ISO almost every time. You’ll also see a function called “WB” on your camera. This is called white balance. It affects the temperature of your picture – whether it takes on more orange or blue. White balance really helps set the mood for a picture. 

So there you have it: three basic functions of a camera. Of course, there are many more, but those are the ones you’ll (most likely) see on your phone.

Important Rules of Photography

Rule of Thirds: Imagine your camera screen is split into 9 equal squares, with three lines running vertically and three horizontally. (Most cameras have a “grid line” function, where you can actually have these lines appear on your screen.) At each intersection is where you should have the main focus of your photo. This “main focus” could be a person’s eyes, a sunset, etc. 

Frames: Creating frames inside your picture will make it more visually interesting. It also helps to draw the viewer’s eye to something. Adding even more frames means a better sense of depth. 

Focus: Make sure each time you take a picture, you pay attention to where the focus is. While each camera has an autofocus feature, it can be unreliable and make the subject blurry. Also, if you focus on something unconventional, it can draw the viewer in. 

At the end of the day, you can choose to take pictures by your own rules. But it’s good to have a basic understanding of how to make them look more appealing. Hope this helped!

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